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Features of the Parliamentary Government

The parliamentary government is a type of democratic government, in which the government governs the nation from the parliament.

The following features of the Parliament government.

1. Nominal and real executives.
2. Majority party rule.
3. Political homogeneity.
4. Collective responsibility.
5. Double membership.
6. Leadership of the Prime minister.
7. Dissolution of the Lower house.
8. Secrecy.


Nominal and real executives.

It is the first feature of the parliamentary government in which the president is the nominal executive executive. (de jure executive or the titural executive), while the Prime Minister is the real executive (de facto executive). Thus the president is head of the state, while the prime minister is head of the government, according to the Constitution of india (article-74) provides for a Council of Ministers headed by the prime minister, to aid and advise the president in the exercise of his functions. The advise so tendered is binding on the president.



Majority party rule.

The second most important feature of the parliamentary government, is majority power rule, the political party with secures majority seat in the Lok Sabha forms the government. the leader of that party is appointed as the Prime Minister by the president; other ministers are appointed by the president on the advice of prime minister. however when no single party gets the majority, a coalition of parties may be invited by the President to form the government.


Political homogeneity.

The political homogeneity refers, usually members of the Council of Ministers belong to the same political party, and hence they share the same political ideology. in case of coalition government, the ministers are bounded by consensus.

Collective responsibility.

The collective responsibility is the Bedrock principle of parliamentary government. the Ministers are collectively responsible to the parliament in general and to the Lok Sabha in particular, as by (article-75). they act as a team, and swim and Sink together. the principle of collective responsibility implies that the Lok Sabha can remove the ministry (i.e., Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister) from office by passing a vote of no confidence.

Double membership.

The ministers are members of both the legislature and executive. this means that a person cannot be a Minister without being a member of the Parliament.
the constitution stipulates that a Minister who is not a member of the Parliament for a period of six consecutive months ceases to be a Minister.

Leadership of the Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister plays the leadership role in this system of government. he is the leader of Council of Ministers, leader of the Parliament and leader of the party in power.
 in this capacity is he plays a significant and highly crucial role in the functioning of the government.



Dissolution of the lower house.

The lower house of parliament (Lok Sabha) can be dissolved by the president on Recommendation of the prime minister in other words the Prime Minister. can advise the President to dissolve the Lok Sabha before the expiry of its term and hold fresh election. this means that the executive enjoys the right to get the legislature dissolved in the parliamentary system.

Secrecy.

The ministers operate on the principle of secrecy of procedure and cannot divulge information about the proceedings policies and decisions. they take The Oath of secrecy before entering their office. The Oath of secrecy to the ministers is administered by the president.


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