Skip to main content


Showing posts from April, 2020

Features of the federal system in India

The federal features of the constitution of india are explained below. 1. Dual polity. 2. Written constitution. 3. Division of powers. 4. Supremacy of the constitution. 5. Rigid constitution. 6. Independent judiciary. 7. Bicameralism. Dual polity The constitution establishes a dual polity consisting the Union at the centre and state at the Periphery. each is endowed with Sovereign power to be exercised in the field assigned to them respectively by the constitution. the union government deals with the matters of national importance like defence, Foreign Affairs, currency, communication and so on. the state governments on the other hand look after the matters of regional and local importance like public order, agriculture, health, local government and so on. Written constitution The constitution is not only a written document but also the lengthiest constitution of the world. originally, it contained a Preamble, 395 articles divided into 22 parts and 8 schedules. at

Demerits of the Parliamentary system

The parliamentary system of government has the following demerits. 1. Unstable government. 2. No continuity of policies. 3. Dictatorship of the cabinet. 4. Against separation of powers. 5. Government by amateurs. Unstable government the Parliament system does not provide a stable government. there is no guarantee that the government can survive its tenure. the ministers depend on the mercy of the majority legislators for their continuity and survival in office. a no-confidence motion or political defection or evils of multiparty coalition can make the government unstable. the government headed by Morarji Desai, Charan Singh, VP Singh, Chandra shekhar, Dev Goda and I K Gujral are some such examples. No continuity of policies the parliamentary system is not conducted for the formulation and implementation of Long Term Policies. this is due to the uncertainty of the tenure of the government. a change in the ruling party is usually followed by changes in the policy of t

Merits of the parliamentary system

The parliamentary system of government has the following merits 1. Harmony between legislature and                  executive. 2. Responsible government. 3. Prevent despotism. 4. Ready alternative government. 5. Wide representation. Harmony between legislature and executive the greatest advantage of the parliamentary system is that it insurance harmonious relationship and cooperation between the legislative and executive organs of the government. the executive is a part of the Legislature and both are interdependent at work. as a result, there is less scope for disputes and conflicts between the two organs. Responsible government by its very nature, the parliamentary system establishes a responsible government. the Ministers are responsible to the Parliament for all their acts of omission and commission. the Parliament exercises control over the ministers through various this crisis like question hour, discussions, adjournment motion, no confidence motion, etc Pr

Features of the Parliamentary Government

The parliamentary government is a type of democratic government, in which the government governs the nation from the parliament. The following features of the Parliament government. 1. Nominal and real executives. 2. Majority party rule. 3. Political homogeneity. 4. Collective responsibility. 5. Double membership. 6. Leadership of the Prime minister. 7. Dissolution of the Lower house. 8. Secrecy. Nominal and real executives. It is the first feature of the parliamentary government in which the president is the nominal executive executive. ( de jure executive or the titural executive ), while the Prime Minister is the real executive ( de facto executive ). Thus the president is head of the state, while the prime minister is head of the government, according to the Constitution of india (article-74) provides for a Council of Ministers headed by the prime minister, to aid and advise the president in the exercise of his functions. The advise so tendered is binding on the

Legislature or executive into parliamentary system

The  parliamentary system of government, refers to that democratic government in which the executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts. The Legislature The legislature works as, by bringing the bill into the house of the parliament. For making an act for the nation or state. If the bill passed into the both the house of the parliament. It will goes to the president for his assent, if he gave his assent the bill will become an act for the nation or for the state of the nation. The Executive the executive works as, to execute the bill which has bring into the parliament, that, it is constitutional, if it voilet any of the constitution phrase, there the body of executives, can recommend to change in that particular phrase of the bill. The members of the executive government are:- 1. President 2. Vice president 3. Prime minister 4. Council of ministers 5. Head of the administrative services Above four are the temporary bodies, while the f

Parliamentary system.

The parliamentary system refers to that democratic governance, in which the the executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts. In the P arliamentary system the government of the country govern the governance from the parliament. In India The head of the legislative assembly is the president, is the nominal executive ( the jure executive or titular executive). While the prime minister is the real executive (de facto executive). Therefore the point you can observe here that the Prime minister is the head of the government, and the president is the head of the states.. Article 74 According to the Constitution of india the article 74 provides that the  council of ministers headed by the the Prime minister is to aid and advise the president in the exercise of his functions. The advice is so tendered is binding on the president. Bicameral legislature or Bicameral parliament Due to the bicameral legislation system, the Indian parliament has devi

Federal system or Federalism.

The term ' Federation ' is derived from a Latin word " foedus " which means 'Treaty' or 'agreement'. Thus a federation is a new state (political system) which is formed through a Treaty or an agreement between the various units. the units of a federation are known by various names like States (as in US) or cantons (as in Switzerland) or provinces (as in Canada) or Republic (as in Russia). In simple words federal system can be defined as a kind of government into a country which has the separated power between the union or states. For example states can control the police of there state, but not the army of the country, While the army can be controlled by the union or centre, not by the state.                     The Constitution of india has adopted the federal system which means, the power between the centre or states are separated, In terms of the  1. Union list  2. States list  3. Concurrent list   Political scientists classified